(Bloomberg) -- Houghton University, a liberal arts school in Western New York established in 1883, saw its rating downgraded into junk status by S&P Global Ratings.

The credit grader cut the school’s tax-exempt bonds one notch to BB+ from BBB-, citing the its track record of deficits plus a large operating shortfall expected in fiscal 2024. 

“We believe the university’s small enrollment base, weak demand profile, and largely restricted financial resources limit flexibility to manage operating challenges,“ wrote S&P’s credit analyst Megan Kearns in a Friday release.  

Houghton — which is just under 70 miles from both Rochester and Buffalo — joins a string of small liberal arts colleges that are increasingly under financial pressure as enrollments shrink and expenses grow. That’s driven some schools to shutter or merge with larger institutions. 

Still, the school based in Houghton, New York, has “a good track record of fundraising” which is expected to support its balance sheet, according to S&P. The university’s outlook is stable.

Houghton said it’s acted to shore up its balance sheet. “Those actions have included consolidation and refinancing of long-term debt, significant investments in enrollment growth, and the implementation of a new strategic plan,” said Wayne D. Lewis, Jr. the university’s president, in an email. “The strategy is already bearing fruit with growing enrollment and a new all-time high of $80 million for the endowment.”

Houghton has no plans to take on added institutional debt, he added.

As of fall 2023, the school had 775 undergraduate students and 37 graduate students, according to its website. 

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